Iran facts and figures

Iran's National Day
Iran's National Day

11 February

Stretching from Turkey and Iraq to Turkmenistan and Pakistan, the Islamic Republic of Iran is the world’s 17th largest country in terms of territory, comprising around 1,648 thousand square kilometres. It is one of the world’s oldest continuous major civilizations.

It has a population of around 85.69 million. The capital, Tehran, is located at the foot of the Alborz Mountains, and is home to around seven million people. Most Iranians speak Farsi, while other languages include Azeri, Kurdish and Luri.

Apart from petroleum, the country’s other natural resources include natural gas, coal, chromium, copper, iron ore, lead, manganese, zinc and sulphur. The national currency is the rial.

The Islamic Republic of Iran’s President is HE Ebrahim Raisi. The country is a Founder Member of OPEC.

Did you know?

  • The Dizin ski resort near Tehran sits at 3,800 metres and has several downhill runs.
  • The Masjid-i-Solaiman, located in Khozestan province in the southwest of the Islamic Republic of Iran, was the country’s first oil well. It was drilled in 1908. It is also the first oil well in the Middle East.

Below data covers 2022

Population (million inhabitants) 85.69
Land area (1,000 sq km) 1,648
GDP per capita ($) 4,110
GDP at market prices (million $) 352,213
Value of exports (million $) 77,413
Value of petroleum exports (million $) 42,619
Current account balance (million $) 26,044
Proven crude oil reserves (million barrels) 208,600
Proven natural gas reserves (billion cu. m.) 33,988
Crude oil production (1,000 b/d) 2,554
Marketed production of natural gas (million cu. m.) 262,261
Refinery capacity (1,000 b/cd) 2,237
Output of petroleum products (1,000 b/d) 1,737
Oil demand (1,000 b/d) 1,793
Crude oil exports (1,000 b/d) 901
Exports of petroleum products (1,000 b/d) 383
Natural gas exports (million cu.m.) 18,794

  • b/d (barrels per day)
  • cu. m. (cubic metres)
  • b/cd (barrels per calendar day)

Source: Annual Statistical Bulletin 2023

  • HE Eng. Javad Owji

    HE Eng. Javad Owji

    Minister of Petroleum

    Head of Delegation

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  • Dr. Afshin Javan

    Dr. Afshin Javan

    Governor for OPEC

  • Dr. Afshin Javan

    Dr. Afshin Javan

    National Representative